Third Edition   ©2016

LaunchPad for Ways of the World (Twelve Month Access)

Robert W. Strayer , Eric W. Nelson

  • ISBN-10: 1-319-01846-7; ISBN-13: 978-1-319-01846-7; Format: LaunchPad

NOTE: LaunchPad material that does not appear in the print book – including guided reading exercises, author preview videos and podcasts, LearningCurve adaptive quizzes, summative quizzes, and the Working with Evidence and Thinking through Sources primary source activities– has been indicated on this table of contents as shown. Each chapter in LaunchPad also comes with a wealth of additional documents, videos, key terms flashcards, map quizzes, timeline activities, and much more, all of which can be easily integrated and assigned.
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Preface
Versions and Supplements
Brief Contents
Contents
Maps
Features
Working with Evidence
Prologue

PART ONE  First Things First: Beginnings in History, to 500 B.C.E.
The Big Picture  Turning Points in Early World History
The Emergence of Humankind
The Globalization of Humankind
The Revolution of Farming and Herding
The Turning Point of Civilization
Time and World History
Mapping Part One

1. FIRST PEOPLES; FIRST FARMERS: MOST OF HISTORY IN A SINGLE CHAPTER, TO 4000 B.C.E.
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Out of Africa: First Migrations
Into Eurasia
Into Australia
Into the Americas
Into the Pacific
The Ways We Were
The First Human Societies
Economy and the Environment
The Realm of the Spirit
Settling Down: The Great Transition
Breakthroughs to Agriculture
Common Patterns
Variations
The Globalization of Agriculture
Triumph and Resistance
The Culture of Agriculture
Social Variation in the Age of Agriculture
Pastoral Societies
Agricultural Village Societies
Chiefdoms
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Reflections: The Uses of the Paleolithic
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Göbekli Tepe: Monumental Construction before Agriculture
Zooming In: Ishi, the Last of His People
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

1. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Stories of the Australian Dreamtime
Documents
1.1 Understanding Creation: Yhi Brings Life to the World
1.2 Understanding the Signifance of Animals: The Platypus
1.3 Understanding Men and Women: The Man-Eater: The Mutjinga Myth
1.4 Understanding Death: How Death Came: The Purukapali Myth

1. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
History Before Writing: How Do We Know?
Source 1.1: A Gatherer Hunter Woman in the Twentieth Century
Source 1.2: Lascaux Rock Art
Source 1.3: Female Figurine from Çatalhüyük
Source 1.4: Otzi the Ice Man
Source 1.5: Stonehenge

2. FIRST CIVILIZATIONS; CITIES, STATES, AND UNEQUAL SOCIETIES, 3500 B.C.E.–500 B.C.E.
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Something New: The Emergence of Civilizations
Introducing the First Civilizations
The Question of Origins
An Urban Revolution
The Erosion of Equality
Hierarchies of Class
Hierarchies of Gender
Patriarchy in Practice
The Rise of the State
Coercion and Consent
Writing and Accounting
The Grandeur of Kings
Comparing Mesopotamia and Egypt
Environment and Culture
Cities and States
Interaction and Exchange
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Reflections: “Civilization”: What’s in a Word?
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Caral, a City of Norte Chico
Zooming In: Paneb, an Egyptian Troublemaker
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

2. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Indus Valley Civilization
Visual Sources
2.1 A Seal from the Indus Valley
2.2 Man from Mohenjo Daro
2.3 Dancing Girl

2. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Social Life in the First Civilizations
Source 2.1: Law and Life in Ancient Mesopotamia
Source 2.2: The Standard of Ur
Source 2.3: The Occupations of Old Egypt
Source 2.4: The Social Relationships of Egyptian Agriculture
Source 2.5: Social Life in Ancient China
Source 2.6: Socializing with Ancestors

PART TWO  Second-Wave Civilizations in World History, 500 B.C.E.–500 C.E.
The Big Picture After the First Civilizations: What Changed and What Didn’t?
Continuities in Civilization
Changes in Civilization
Mapping Part Two

3. STATE AND EMPIRE IN EURASIA / NORTH AFRICA, 500 B.C.E.–500 C.E.
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Empires and Civilizations in Collision: The Persians and the Greeks
The Persian Empire
The Greeks
Collision: The Greco-Persian Wars
Collision: Alexander and the Hellenistic Era
Comparing Empires: Roman and Chinese
Rome: From City-State to Empire
China: From Warring States to Empire
Consolidating the Roman and Chinese Empires
The Collapse of Empires
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Intermittent Empire: The Case of India
Reflections: Enduring Legacies of Second-Wave Empires
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Trung Trac: Resisting the Chinese Empire
Zooming In: The Kushan Empire
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

3. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Perceptions of Outsiders in the Ancient World
Documents
3.1 A Greek Historian on Persia and Egypt: Herodotus, The Histories, Mid-Fifth Century B.C.E.
3.2 A Roman Historian on the Germans: Tacitus, Germania, First Century C.E.
3.3 A Chinese Historian on the Xiongnu: Sima Qian, Records of the Grand Historian, ca. 100 B.C.E.

3. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Political Authority in Second-Wave Civilizations
Source 3.1: Behistun Inscription c. 500 BCE
Source 3.2: In Praise of Athenian Democracy Source
Source 3.3: Statue of Augustus
Source 3.4: Governing a Chinese Empire
Source 3.5: Qin Shihuangdi Funerary Complex
Source 3.6: Governing an Indian Empire

4. CULTURE AND RELIGION IN EURASIA / NORTH AFRICA, 500 B.C.E.–500 C.E.
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
China and the Search for Order
The Legalist Answer
The Confucian Answer
The Daoist Answer
Cultural Traditions of Classical India
South Asian Religion: From Ritual Sacrifice to Philosophical Speculation
The Buddhist Challenge
Hinduism as a Religion of Duty and Devotion
Toward Monotheism: The Search for God in the Middle East
Zoroastrianism
Judaism
The Cultural Tradition of Classical Greece: The Search for a Rational Order
The Greek Way of Knowing
The Greek Legacy
The Birth of Christianity . . . with Buddhist Comparisons
The Lives of the Founders
The Spread of New Religions
Institutions, Controversies, and Divisions
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Reflections: Religion and Historians
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Nalanda, India’s Buddhist University
Zooming In: Perpetua, Christian Martyr
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

4. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Representations of the Buddha
Visual Sources
4.1 Footprints of the Buddha
4.2 A Gandhara Buddha
4.3 A Bodhisattva of Compassion: Avalokitesvara with a Thousand Arms
4.4 The Chinese Maitreya Buddha

4. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
The “Good Life” in Asian Cultural Traditions
Source 4.1: Reflections from Confucius
Source 4.2: Filial Piety Illustrated
Source 4.3: A Daoist Perspective on the Good Life
Source 4.4: Reflections from the Hindu Scriptures
Source 4.5: Reflections from Jesus
Source 4.6: Toward “Mature Manhood”

5. SOCIETY AND INEQUALITY IN EURASIA / NORTH AFRICA, 500 B.C.E.–500 C.E.
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Society and the State in China
An Elite of Officials
The Landlord Class
Peasants
Merchants
Class and Caste in India
Caste as Varna
Caste as Jati
The Functions of Caste
Slavery: The Case of the Roman Empire
Slavery and Civilization
The Making of Roman Slavery
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Comparing Patriarchies
A Changing Patriarchy: The Case of China
Contrasting Patriarchies: Athens and Sparta
Reflections: What Changes? What Persists?
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Ge Hong, a Chinese Scholar in Troubled Times
Zooming In: The Spartacus Slave Revolt
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

5. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Pompeii as a Window on the Roman World
Visual Sources
5.1 Terentius Neo and His Wife
5.2 A Pompeii Banquet
5.3 Scenes in a Pompeii Tavern
5.4 A Domestic Shrine
5.5  Mystery Religions: The Cult of Dionysus

5. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Patriarchy and Women’s Voices
Source 5.1: A Greek Expression of Patriarchy
Source 5.2: An Indian Expression of Patriarchy
Source 5.3: A Chinese Woman’s Instructions to Her Daughters
Source 5.4: An Alternative to Patriarchy in India
Source 5.5: Roman Women in Protest

6. COMMONALITIES AND VARIATIONS: AFRICA, THE AMERICAS, AND PACIFIC OCEANIA 500 B.C.E.–1200 C.E.
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Continental Comparisons
Civilizations of Africa
Meroë: Continuing a Nile Valley Civilization
Axum: The Making of a Christian Kingdom
Along the Niger River: Cities without States
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Civilizations of Mesoamerica
The Maya: Writing and Warfare
Teotihuacán: The Americas’ Greatest City
Civilizations of the Andes
Chavín: A Pan-Andean Religious Movement
Moche: A Civilization of the Coast
Wari and Tiwanaku: Empires of the Interior
Alternatives to Civilization
Bantu Africa: Cultural Encounters and Social Variation
North America: Ancestral Pueblo and the Mound Builders
Pacific Oceania: Peoples of the Sea
Reflections: Deciding What’s Important: Balance in World History
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Piye, Kushite Conqueror of Egypt
Zooming In: The Lord of Sipan and the Lady of Cao
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

6. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE
Axum and the World
Documents
6.1 A Guidebook to the World of Indian Ocean Commerce: The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, First Century C.E.
6.2 The Making of an Axumite Empire: Inscription on a Stone Throne, Second or Third Century C.E.
6.3 The Coming of Christianity to Axum: Rufinus, On the Evangelization of Abyssinia
Late Fourth Century C.E.
6.4 Axum and the Gold Trade: Cosmas, The Christian Topography, Sixth Century C.E.

6. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Art and the Maya Elite
Source 6.1: Shield Jaguar and Lady Xok, A Royal Couple of Yaxchilan
Source 6.2: The Presentation of Captives
Source 6.3: A Bloodletting Ritual
Source 6.4: The Ball Game
Source 6.5: A Maya Ruler Relaxing

PART THREE  An Age of Accelerating Connections, 500–1500
The Big Picture Defining a Millennium
Third-Wave Civilizations: Something New, Something Old, Something Blended
The Ties That Bind: Transregional Interaction in the Third-Wave Era
Mapping Part Three

7. COMMERCE AND CULTURE, 500–1500
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Silk Roads: Exchange across Eurasia
The Growth of the Silk Roads
Goods in Transit
Cultures in Transit
Disease in Transit
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Sea Roads: Exchange across the Indian Ocean
Weaving the Web of an Indian Ocean World
Sea Roads as a Catalyst for Change: Southeast Asia
Sea Roads as a Catalyst for Change: East Africa
Sand Roads: Exchange across the Sahara
Commercial Beginnings in West Africa
Gold, Salt, and Slaves: Trade and Empire in West Africa
An American Network: Commerce and Connection in the Western Hemisphere
Reflections: Economic Globalization — Ancient and Modern
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: The Arabian Camel
Zooming In: Thorfinn Karlsefni, Viking Voyager
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

7. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Travelers’ Tales and Observations
Documents
7.1 A Chinese Buddhist in India, A Biography of the Tripitaka Master, Seventh Century C.E.
7.2 A European Christian in China: Marco Polo, The Travels of Marco Polo, 1299
7.3 A Moroccan Diplomat in West Africa: Leo Africanus, The History and Description of Africa, 1526

7. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
 Life and Travel on the Silk Roads
Source 7.1: Dangers and Assistance on the Silk Roads
Source 7.2: Advice for Merchants
Source 7.3: Stopping at a Caravanserai
Source 7.4: Buddhism on the Silk Roads
Source 7.5: Christianity on the Silk Roads
Source 7.6: Letters from the Silk Road

8. CHINA AND THE WORLD: EAST ASIAN CONNECTIONS, 500–1300
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Together Again: The Reemergence of a Unified China
A “Golden Age” of Chinese Achievement
Women in the Song Dynasty
China and the Northern Nomads: A Chinese World Order in the Making
The Tribute System in Theory
The Tribute System in Practice
Cultural Influence across an Ecological Frontier
Coping with China: Comparing Korea, Vietnam, and Japan
Korea and China
Vietnam and China
Japan and China
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
China and the Eurasian World Economy
Spillovers: China’s Impact on Eurasia
On the Receiving End: China as Economic Beneficiary
China and Buddhism
Making Buddhism Chinese
Losing State Support: The Crisis of Chinese Buddhism
Reflections: Why Do Things Change?
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Gunpowder
Zooming In: Izumi Shikibu, Japanese Poet and Lover
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

8. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
The Leisure Life of China’s Elites
Visual Sources
8.1 A Banquet with the Emperor
8.2 At Table with the Empress
8.3 A Literary Gathering
8.4 An Elite Night Party

8. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
The Making of Japanese Civilization
Source 8.1: Japanese Political Ideals
Source 8.2: The Uniqueness of Japan
Source 8.3: Social Life at Court
Source 8.4: Japanese Zen Buddhism
Source 8.5: The Way of the Warrior
Source 8.6: Samurai and the “Arts of Peace”

9. THE WORLDS OF ISLAM: AFRO-EURASIAN CONNECTIONS, 600–1500
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Birth of a New Religion
The Homeland of Islam
The Messenger and the Message
The Transformation of Arabia
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
The Making of an Arab Empire
War, Conquest, and Tolerance
Conversion
Divisions and Controversies
Women and Men in Early Islam
Islam and Cultural Encounter: A Four-Way Comparison
The Case of India
The Case of Anatolia
The Case of West Africa
The Case of Spain
The World of Islam as a New Civilization
Networks of Faith
Networks of Exchange
Reflections: Past and Present: Choosing Our History
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Mullah Nasruddin, the Wise Fool of Islam
Zooming In: Mansa Musa, West African Monarch and Muslim Pilgrim
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

9. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
The Life of the Prophet
Visual Sources
9.1 Muhammad and the Archangel Gabriel
9.2 The Night Journey of Muhammad
9.3 The Battle at Badr
9.4 The Destruction of the Idols

9. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Voices of Islam
Source 9.1: The Voice of Allah
Source 9.2: The Voice of the Prophet Muhammad
Source 9.3: The Voice of the Law
Source 9.4: The Voice of the Sufis
Source 9.5: Islamic Practice in West Africa
Source 9.6: Men and Women

10. THE WORLDS OF CHRISTENDOM: CONTRACTION, EXPANSION, AND DIVISION, 500–1300
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Christian Contraction in Asia and Africa
Asian Christianity
African Christianity
Byzantine Christendom: Building on the Roman Past
The Byzantine State
The Byzantine Church and Christian Divergence
Byzantium and the World
The Conversion of Russia
Western Christendom: Rebuilding in the Wake of Roman Collapse
Political Life in Western Europe
Society and the Church
Accelerating Change in the West
Europe Outward Bound: The Crusading Tradition
The West in Comparative Perspective
Catching Up
Pluralism in Politics
Reason and Faith
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Reflections: Remembering and Forgetting: Continuity and Surprise in the Worlds of Christendom
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: 988 and the Conversion of Rus
Zooming In: Cecilia Penifader, an English Peasant and Unmarried Woman
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

10. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
The Making of Christian Europe
Documents
10.1 The Conversion of Clovis: Gregory of Tours, History of the Franks, Late Sixth Century
10.2 Advice on Dealing with “Pagans”: Pope Gregory, Advice to the English Church, 601
10.3 Charlemagne and the Saxons: Charlemagne, Capitulary on Saxony, 785
10.4 and 10.5 The Persistence of Tradition: Willibald, Life of Boniface, ca. 760 C.E., and Leechbook, Tenth Century

10. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
The Crusades as Cultural Encounter
Source 10.1: A Western Christian Perspective: Pope Urban II
Source 10.2: Jewish Perspectives on the Crusades
Source 10.3: Muslim Perspectives on the Crusades
Source 10.4: Jerusalem and the Crusades
Source 10.5: A Byzantine Perspective on the Crusades
Source 10.6: More than Conflict

11. PASTORAL PEOPLES ON THE GLOBAL STAGE: THE MONGOL MOMENT, 1200–1500
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Looking Back and Looking Around: The Long History of Pastoral Peoples
The World of Pastoral Societies
Before the Mongols: Pastoralists in History
Breakout: The Mongol Empire
From Temujin to Chinggis Khan: The Rise of the Mongol Empire
Explaining the Mongol Moment
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Encountering the Mongols: Comparing Three Cases
China and the Mongols
Persia and the Mongols
Russia and the Mongols
The Mongol Empire as a Eurasian Network
Toward a World Economy
Diplomacy on a Eurasian Scale
Cultural Exchange in the Mongol Realm
The Plague: An Afro-Eurasian Pandemic
Reflections: Changing Images of Pastoral Peoples
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: A Mongol Failure: The Invasion of Japan
Zooming In: Khutulun, a Mongol Wrestler Princess
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

11. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Perspectives on the Mongols
Documents
11.1 Mongol History from a Mongol Source: The Secret History of the Mongols, ca. 1240
11.2 Chinggis Khan and Changchun: Chinggis Khan, Letter to Changchun, 1219
11.3 The Conquest of Bukhara: A Persian View: Juvaini, The History of the World Conqueror, 1219
11.4 A Russian View of the Mongols: The Chronicle of Novgorod, 1238
11.5 Mongol Women through European Eyes: William of Rubruck, Journey to the Land of the Mongols, ca. 1255

11. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Living and Dying During the Black Death
Source 11.1: The Black Death in the Islamic World
Source 11.2: The Black Death in Western Europe
Source 11.3: The Black Death in Byzantium
Source 11.4: Religious Responses in the Islamic World
Source 11.5: Religious Responses in the Christian World
Source 11.6: The Black Death and European Jews
Source 11.7: A Government’s Response to the Plague

12. THE WORLDS OF THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Shapes of Human Communities
Paleolithic Persistence: Australia and North America
Agricultural Village Societies: The Igbo and the Iroquois
Pastoral Peoples: Central Asia and West Africa
Civilizations of the Fifteenth Century: Comparing China and Europe
Ming Dynasty China
European Comparisons: State Building and Cultural Renewal
European Comparisons: Maritime Voyaging
Civilizations of the Fifteenth Century: The Islamic World
In the Islamic Heartland: The Ottoman and Safavid Empires
On the Frontiers of Islam: The Songhay and Mughal Empires
Civilizations of the Fifteenth Century: The Americas
The Aztec Empire
The Inca Empire
Webs of Connection
A Preview of Coming Attractions: Looking Ahead to the Modern Era, 1500–2015
Another Voice Podcast
LaunchPad
Reflections: What If? Chance and Contingency in World History
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Zheng He, China’s Non-Chinese Admiral
Zooming In: 1453 in Constantinople
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

12. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Islam and Renaissance Europe
Visual Sources
12.1 Gentile Bellini, Portrait of Mehmed II
12.2 The Venetian Ambassador Visits Damascus
12.3 Aristotle and Averroes
12.4 Saint George Baptizes the Pagans of Jerusalem
12.5 Giovanni da Modena, Muhammad in Hell

12. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Early Encounters; First Impressions
Source 12.1: Cadamosto in a West African Chiefdom
Source 12.2: Vasco da Gama at Calicut, India
Source 12.3: Celebrating de Gam Gama’s arrival in Calicut
Source 12.4: Columbus in the Caribbean
Source 12.5: Columbus Engraved

PART FOUR  The Early Modern World, 1450–1750
The Big Picture: Debating the Character of an Era
An Early Modern Era?
A Late Agrarian Era?
Mapping Part Four

13. POLITICAL TRANSFORMATIONS: EMPIRES AND ENCOUNTERS, 1450–1750
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
European Empires in the Americas
The European Advantage
The Great Dying and the Little Ice Age
The Columbian Exchange
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Comparing Colonial Societies in the Americas
In the Lands of the Aztecs and the Incas
Colonies of Sugar
Settler Colonies in North America
The Steppes and Siberia: The Making of a Russian Empire
Experiencing the Russian Empire
Russians and Empire
Asian Empires
Making China an Empire
Muslims and Hindus in the Mughal Empire
Muslims and Christians in the Ottoman Empire
Reflections: The Centrality of Context in World History
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Doña Marina: Between Two Worlds
Zooming In: Devshirme: The “Gathering” of Christian Boys in the Ottoman Empire
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve LaunchPad
Summative Quiz
LaunchPad

13. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE
State Building in the Early Modern Era
Documents
13.1 The Memoirs of Emperor Jahangir: Jahangir, Memoirs, 1605–1627
13.2 An Outsider’s View of the Ottoman Empire: Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, The Turkish Letters, 1555–1562
13.3 French State Building and Louis XIV: Louis XIV, Memoirs, 1670
13.4 An Outsider’s View of the Inca Empire: Pedro de Cieza de León, Chronicles of the Incas, ca. 1550

13. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
The Spanish and the Aztecs: From Encounter to Conquest (1519-1521)
Source 13.1: The Meeting of Cortés and Moctezuma: A Spanish View
Source 13.2: The Meeting of Cortés and Moctezuma: An Aztec Account
Source 13.3: Images of Encounter
Source 13.4: Conquest and Victory: The Fall of Tenochtitlan from a Spanish Perspective
Source 13.5: Defeat: The Fall of Tenochtitlan from an Aztec Perspective
Source 13.6: The Battle of Tenochtitlan
Source 13.7: Lamentation: The Aftermath of Defeat

14. ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATIONS: COMMERCE AND CONSEQUENCE, 1450–1750
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Europeans and Asian Commerce
A Portuguese Empire of Commerce
Spain and the Philippines
The East India Companies
Asians and Asian Commerce
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Silver and Global Commerce
The “World Hunt”: Fur in Global Commerce
Commerce in People: The Atlantic Slave Trade
The Slave Trade in Context
The Slave Trade in Practice
Consequences: The Impact of the Slave Trade in Africa
Reflections: Economic Globalization — Then and Now
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Potosí, a Mountain of Silver
Zooming In: Ayuba Suleiman Diallo: To Slavery and Back
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

14. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Exchange and Status in the Early Modern World
Visual Sources
14.1 Tea and Porcelain in Europe
14.2 A Chocolate Party in Spain
14.3 An Ottoman Coffeehouse
14.4 Clothing and Status in Colonial Mexico

14. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Voices from the Slave Trade
Source 14.1: The Journey to Slavery
Source 14.2: The Business of the Slave Trade
Source 14.3: The Slave Trade and the Kingdom of Kongo
Source 14.4: The Slave Trade and the Kingdom of Asante
Source 14.5: Images of the Slave Trade
Source 14.6: Data: Patterns of the Slave Trade

15. CULTURAL TRANSFORMATIONS: RELIGION AND SCIENCE, 1450–1750
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Globalization of Christianity
Western Christendom Fragmented: The Protestant Reformation
Christianity Outward Bound
Conversion and Adaptation in Spanish America
An Asian Comparison: China and the Jesuits
Persistence and Change in Afro-Asian Cultural Traditions
Expansion and Renewal in the Islamic World
China: New Directions in an Old Tradition
India: Bridging the Hindu/Muslim Divide
A New Way of Thinking: The Birth of Modern Science
The Question of Origins: Why Europe?
Science as Cultural Revolution
Science and Enlightenment
Looking Ahead: Science in the Nineteenth Century and Beyond
European Science beyond the West
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Reflections: Cultural Borrowing and Its Hazards
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Úrsula de Jesús, an Afro-Peruvian Slave and Christian Visionary
Zooming In: Galileo and the Telescope: Reflecting on Science and Religion
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad
Summative Quiz LaunchPad

15. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Global Christianity in the Early Modern Era
Visual Sources
15.1 Interior of a Dutch Reformed Church
15.2 Catholic Baroque, Interior of Pilgrimage Church, Mariazell, Austria
15.3 Cultural Blending in Andean Christianity
15.4 Making Christianity Chinese
15.5 Christian Art at the Mughal Court

15. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Renewal and Reform in the Early Modern World
Source 15.1: Luther’s Protest
Source 15.2: Calvinism and Catholicism
Source 15.3: Progress and Enlightenment
Source 15.4: Art and Enlightenment
Source 15.5: The Wahhabi Perspective on Islam
Source 15.6: The Poetry of Kabir
Source 15.7: Religious Syncretism in Indian Art

PART FIVE The European Moment in World History, 1750–1914
The Big Picture: European Centrality and the Problem of Eurocentrism
Eurocentric Geography and History
Countering Eurocentrism
Mapping Part Five

16. ATLANTIC REVOLUTIONS, GLOBAL ECHOES, 1750–1914
Author Preview Video
LaunchPad
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Atlantic Revolutions in a Global Context
Comparing Atlantic Revolutions
The North American Revolution, 1775–1787
The French Revolution, 1789–1815
The Haitian Revolution, 1791–1804
Spanish American Revolutions, 1808–1825
Echoes of Revolution
The Abolition of Slavery
Nations and Nationalism
Feminist Beginnings
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Reflections: Revolutions: Pro and Con
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: The Russian Decembrist Revolt
Zooming In: Kartini: Feminism and Nationalism in Java
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
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16. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Representing the French Revolution
Visual Sources
16.1 The Patriotic Snack, Reunion of the Three Estates, August 4, 1789
16.2 A Reversal of Roles: The Three Estates of Revolutionary France
16.3 Revolution and Religion: “Patience, Monsignor, your turn will come.”
16.4 An English Response to Revolution: “Hell Broke Loose or The Murder of Louis”

16. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Claiming Rights
Source 16.1: The French Revolution and the “Rights of Man”
Source 16.2: Representing the Declaration
Source 16.3: Rights and National Independence
Source 16.4: Rights and Slavery: “Reason and Nature”
Source 16.5: Rights and Slavery: An African American Voice
Source 16.6: The Rights of Women: “Frenchwomen Freed”
Source 16.7: The Rights of Women: An American Feminist Voice

17. REVOLUTIONS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION, 1750–1914
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Explaining the Industrial Revolution
Why Europe?
Why Britain?
The First Industrial Society
The British Aristocracy
The Middle Classes
The Laboring Classes
Social Protest
Europeans in Motion
Variations on a Theme: Industrialization in the United States and Russia
The United States: Industrialization without Socialism
Russia: Industrialization and Revolution
The Industrial Revolution and Latin America in the Nineteenth Century
After Independence in Latin America
Facing the World Economy
Becoming like Europe?
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Reflections: History and Horse Races
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Ellen Johnston, Factory Worker and Poet
Zooming In: The English Luddites and Machine Breaking
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
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Summative Quiz LaunchPad

17. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE
Voices of European Socialism
Documents
17.1 Socialism According to Marx: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto, 1848
17.2 Socialism without Revolution: Eduard Bernstein, Evolutionary Socialism, 1899
17.3 Socialism and Women: Clara Zetkin, The German Socialist Women’s Movement, 1909
17.4 Lenin and Russian Socialism: Lenin, What Is to Be Done?, 1902

17. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Experiencing the Early Industrial Revolution
Source 17.1: The Experience of an English Factory Worker
Source 17.2: Urban Living Conditions
Source 17.3: Another View of Factory Life
Source 17.4: A Weaver’s Lament
Source 17.5: Protest and Song
Source 17.6: Railroads and the Middle Class
Source 17.7: Inequality

18. COLONIAL ENCOUNTERS IN ASIA, AFRICA, AND OCEANIA, 1750–1950
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Industry and Empire
A Second Wave of European Conquests
Under European Rule
Cooperation and Rebellion
Colonial Empires with a Difference
Ways of Working: Comparing Colonial Economies
Economies of Coercion: Forced Labor and the Power of the State
Economies of Cash-Crop Agriculture: The Pull of the Market
Economies of Wage Labor: Migration for Work
Women and the Colonial Economy: Examples from Africa
Assessing Colonial Development
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Believing and Belonging: Identity and Cultural Change in the Colonial Era
Education
Religion
“Race” and “Tribe”
Reflections: Who Makes History?
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Wanjiku of Kenya
Zooming In: Vivekananda, a Hindu Monk in America
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
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18. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
The Scramble for Africa
Visual Sources
18.1 Prelude to the Scramble
18.2 Conquest and Competition
18.3 From the Cape to Cairo
18.4 British and French in North Africa

18. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Colonial India: Experience and Response
Source 18.1: Images of Colonial Rule
Source 18.2: Seeking Western Education
Source 18.3: The Indian Rebellion
Source 18.4: The Credits and Debits of British Rule in India
Source 18.5: Gandhi on Modern Civilization

19. EMPIRES IN COLLISION: EUROPE, THE MIDDLE EAST, AND EAST ASIA, 1800–1914
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Reversal of Fortune: China’s Century of Crisis
The Crisis Within
Western Pressures
The Failure of Conservative Modernization
The Ottoman Empire and the West in the Nineteenth Century
 “The Sick Man of Europe”
Reform and Its Opponents
Outcomes: Comparing China and the Ottoman Empire
The Japanese Difference: The Rise of a New East Asian Power
The Tokugawa Background
American Intrusion and the Meiji Restoration
Modernization Japanese-Style
Japan and the World
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Reflections: Success and Failure in History
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Lin Zexu: Confronting the Opium Trade
Zooming In: 1896: The Battle of Adowa
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
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19. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE
Changing China
Documents
19.1 Toward a Constitutional Monarchy: Kang Youwei, An Appeal to Emperor Guangxu, 1898
19.2 Education and Examination: Anonymous, Editorial on China’s Examination System, 1898, and Emperor Guangxu, Edict on Education, 1898
19.3 Gender, Reform, and Revolution: Qiu Jin, Address to Two Hundred Million Fellow Countrywomen, 1904
19.4 Prescriptions for a Revolutionary China: Sun Yat-sen, The Three People’s Principles and the Future of the Chinese People, 1906

19. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Japan and the West in the Nineteenth Century
Source 19.1: Continuing Japanese Isolation
Source 19.2: The Debate: Expel the Barbarians
Source 19.3: The Debate: A Sumo Wrestler and a Foreigner
Source 19.4: The Debate: Eastern Ethics and Western Science
Source 19.5: Westernization
Source 19.6: A Critique of Westernization
Source 19.7: War and Empire
Source 19.8: Japan in the Early Twentieth Century

PART SIX 
The Most Recent Century, 1914–2015
The Big Picture: Since World War I: A New Period in World History?
Mapping Part Six

20. COLLAPSE AT THE CENTER: WORLD WAR, DEPRESSION, AND THE REBALANCING OF GLOBAL POWER, 1914–1970S
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The First World War: European Civilization in Crisis, 1914–1918
An Accident Waiting to Happen
Legacies of the Great War
Capitalism Unraveling: The Great Depression
Democracy Denied: Comparing Italy, Germany, and Japan
The Fascist Alternative in Europe
Hitler and the Nazis
Japanese Authoritarianism
A Second World War
The Road to War in Asia
The Road to War in Europe
The Outcomes of Global Conflict
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
The Recovery of Europe
Reflections: War and Remembrance: Learning from History
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Etty Hillesum, Witness to the Holocaust
Zooming In: Hiroshima
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
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Summative Quiz LaunchPad

20. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Ideologies of the Axis Powers
Documents
20.1 Hitler on Nazism: Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf (My Struggle), 1925–1926
20.2 The Japanese Way: Cardinal Principles of the National Entity of Japan, 1937

20. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Experiencing World War I
Sources 20.1: Experiences on the Battlefront
Sources 20.2: On the Home Front
Sources 20.3: In the Aftermath of the Great War

21. REVOLUTION, SOCIALISM, AND GLOBAL CONFLICT: THE RISE AND FALL OF WORLD COMMUNISM, 1917–PRESENT
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Global Communism
Revolutions as a Path to Communism
Russia: Revolution in a Single Year
China: A Prolonged Revolutionary Struggle
Building Socialism
Communist Feminism
Socialism in the Countryside
Communism and Industrial Development
The Search for Enemies
East versus West: A Global Divide and a Cold War
Military Conflict and the Cold War
Nuclear Standoff and Third World Rivalry
The Cold War and the Superpowers
Paths to the End of Communism
China: Abandoning Communism and Maintaining the Party
The Soviet Union: The Collapse of Communism and Country
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Reflections: To Judge or Not to Judge
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Anna Dubova, A Russian Peasant Girl and Urban Woman
Zooming In: The Cuban Revolution
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
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21. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Poster Art in Mao’s China
Visual Sources
21.1 Smashing the Old Society
21.2 Building the New Society: The People’s Commune
21.3 Women, Nature, and Industrialization
21.4 The Cult of Mao

21. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Experiencing Stalinism
Source 21.1: Stalin on Stalinism
Source 21.2: Collectivization: A Stalinist Vision
Source 21.3: Living through Collectivization
Source 21.4: Industrialization and Religion: A Stalinist Vision
Source 21.5: Living through Stalinist Industrialization: Personal Accounts of Soviet Industrialization, 1930s
Source 21.6: Living through the Stalinist Terror

22. THE END OF EMPIRE: THE GLOBAL SOUTH ON THE GLOBAL STAGE, 1914–PRESENT
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Toward Freedom: Struggles for Independence
The End of Empire in World History
Explaining African and Asian Independence
Comparing Freedom Struggles
The Case of India: Ending British Rule
The Case of South Africa: Ending Apartheid
Experiments with Freedom
Experiments in Political Order: Party, Army, and the Fate of Democracy
Experiments in Economic Development: Changing Priorities, Varying Outcomes
Experiments with Culture: The Role of Islam in Turkey and Iran
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Reflections: History in the Middle of the Stream
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Muslim Pacifist
Zooming In: Mozambique: Civil War and Reconciliation
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
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22. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Contending for Islam
Documents
22.1 A Secular State for an Islamic Society: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Speech to the General Congress of the Republican Party, 1927
22.2 Toward an Islamic Society: The Muslim Brotherhood, Toward the Light, 1936
22.3 Progressive Islam: Kabir Helminski, Islam and Human Values, 2009
22.4 Islam and Women’s Dress: Emaan, Hijab: The Beauty of Muslim Women, 2010, and Saira Khan, Why I, as a British Muslim Woman, Want the Burkha Banned from Our Streets, 2009

22. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
Articulating Independence
Source 22.1: Declaring Vietnam’s Independence
Source 22.2: Vietnam’s Independence: 50 Years Later
Source 22.3: India’s “Tryst with Destiny”
Source 22.4: Another View of India’s Struggle for Independence
Source 22.5: One Africa
Source 22.6: South African “Independence”
Source 22.7: Independence as Threat

23. CAPITALISM AND CULTURE: THE ACCELERATION OF GLOBALIZATION, SINCE 1945
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The Transformation of the World Economy
Reglobalization
Growth, Instability, and Inequality
Globalization and an American Empire
The Globalization of Liberation: Focus on Feminism
Feminism in the West
Feminism in the Global South
International Feminism
Religion and Global Modernity
Fundamentalism on a Global Scale
Creating Islamic Societies: Resistance and Renewal in the World of Islam
Religious Alternatives to Fundamentalism
Experiencing the Anthropocene Era: Environment and Environmentalism
The Global Environment Transformed
Green and Global
Another Voice Podcast LaunchPad
Reflections: Pondering the Past: Limitations and Possibilities
Second Thoughts
What’s the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study
Zooming In: Barbie and Her Competitors in the Muslim World
Zooming In: Rachel Carson, Pioneer of Environmentalism
Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
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23. WORKING WITH EVIDENCE LaunchPad
Faces of Globalization
Visual Sources
23.1 Globalization and Work
23.2 Globalization and Consumerism
23.3 Globalization and Protest
23.4 Globalization and Social Media
23.5 Globalization and Culture
23.6 Globalization: One World or Many?

23. THINKING THROUGH SOURCES LaunchPad
The Future as History
Source 23.1: Looking Ahead from 1900
Source 23.2: Imagining the Future of Technology
Source 23.3: The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Source 23.4: Throwing Off Europe
Source 23.5: Predicting 2100
Source 23.6: “What’s Possible?”

Notes
Acknowledgements
Index

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