Scientific American Nutrition for a Changing World with 2015 Dietary Guidelines
First Edition   ©2016

Scientific American Nutrition for a Changing World with 2015 Dietary Guidelines

Jamie Pope (Vanderbilt University) , Steven Nizielski (Grand Valley State University) , Alison McCook

  • ISBN-10: 1-319-11725-2; ISBN-13: 978-1-319-11725-2; Format: e-Book Agency, 512 pages


Instructors
1. THE SCIENCE AND SCOPE OF NUTRITION
EATING FOR A LIFETIME
A new field in nutrition research is revealing surprising details about how food affects our genes.

  • Introducing the science of nutrition
  • Food provides nutrients and energy
  • What is malnutrition?
  • Nutrient intake recommendations
  • Nutrition science in action
  • Credible sources of nutrition information
  • Health goals for Americans
  • Assessing the North American diet

     

    2. HEALTHY DIETS
    FROM DESERTS TO OASIS
    Are "food deserts" preventing millions of Americans from eating well?

  • Healthy diets feature variety, balance, adequacy, and moderation
  • Understanding the nutrient density and energy density of foods
  • Limit these: solid fats and added sugars (SoFAS)
  • The Dietary Guidelines for Americans
  • Global nutrition
  • Understanding the labeling on food
  • Future food labels

     

    3. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM AND DIGESTIVE DISORDERS
    A GUT FEELING
    Is gluten really all that bad?

  • Overview of the digestive process
  • Overview of mechanical and chemical digestion
  • The role of bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract
  • Digestive disorders

     

    4. CARBOHYDRATES
    "WHOLE GRAIN" HYPE
    Can science help us navigate the perils of the cereal aisle?

  • What is a carbohydrate? Structure and function of carbohydrates
  • Sources of carbohydrates
  • Digestion of carbohydrates
  • Added sugars
  • Understanding fiber
  • Carbohydrate intake recommendations

     

    Unique Chapter
    5. NUTRITION AND DIABETES
    MEDICAL MIRACLES
    Nearly 100 years ago, a discovery revolutionized
    medicine and saved millions of children as a result.

  • What is diabetes mellitus?
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Diabetes on the rise
  • Diabetes treatment and prevention

     

    Chapters 6 and 7 work together to explore the science of lipids and lipids in health and disease.
    6. LIPIDS
    THE SKINNY ON FAT
    How native Greenlanders with a passion for seal blubber showed the world that not all lipids are created equal.

  • Overview of the lipids
  • Lipid digestion and absorption
  • Lipoprotein transport
  • Essential fatty acids
  • Trans fats and fat substitutes
  • Current fat intake and recommendations
  • Knowledge of omega-3 fatty acids is growing

     

    7. LIPIDS IN HEALTH AND DISEASE
    DEATH IN BOGALUSA

    From tragic deaths in a Southern town, insights into heart disease.

  • Atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease
  • Risk factors for cardiovascular disease
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • A heart-protective diet
  • Fat intake and health—beyond cardiovascular disease

     

    8. PROTEIN
    HOW MUCH OF A GOOD THING DO WE NEED?
    Experts consider how much protein is best for us all.

  • Protein synthesis
  • Digestion and absorption of proteins
  • Varied functions of protein
  • Protein turnover and nitrogen balance
  • Seniors may benefit from higher intakes of protein
  • Protein quality
  • Protein-deficiency diseases
  • High-protein diets

     

    Unique Chapter--This chapter examines the multiple dimensions of plant-based diets.
    9. PLANT-BASED DIETS
    PASS THE PLANTS, PLEASE

    What does a Spanish study say about the benefits of following a Mediterranean-like diet?

  • Benefits of a plant-based diet
  • Nutritional considerations and concerns associated with plant-based diets
  • Plant-based and vegetarian guidelines
  • The Mediterranean diet

    Fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins are organized into two chapters (Ch. 10 & 11), allowing for more teaching flexibility.
    10. FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS
    SOAK UP THE SUN
    An ailing gorilla inspires a lifelong interest in the vitamins.

    • Introducing the vitamins
    • Properties of fat-soluble vitamins
    • Vitamin D deficiency
    • Vitamin A
    • Vitamin A deficiency
    • Vitamin EVitamin E deficiency

     

    11. WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS
    IT'S NOT A GERM
    Pioneering research uncovers vitamin deficiency diseases.

  • Characteristics of the water-soluble vitamins
  • The B-vitamins
  • Thiamine(B1)
  • Niacin (B3)
  • Riboflavin (B2)
  • Vitamin (B6)
  • Folate (B9)
  • Vitamin (B12)
  • Vitamin C

     

    Unique Chapter!
    12. DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS
    SUPPLEMENTS, HERBS, AND FUNCTIONAL FOODS
    Surprising studies on the value of vitamin supplements.

  • What are dietary supplements?
  • Regulation of dietary supplements
  • Understanding supplement labels
  • Are dietary supplements harmful?
  • Pros and cons of herbal supplements
  • Functional foods

     

    13. MAJOR MINERALS AND WATER
    POTASSIUM POWER
    Eating a diet low in sodium and rich in potassium may be protective of hypertension.

  • Overview of the minerals
  • Mineral absorption and bioavailability
  • Minerals in our food
  • Calcium, magnesium and phosphorus have diverse structural roles in the body
  • Sulfur is a component of proteins.
  • Sodium, potassium and chloride maintain fluid balance in the body
  • Water is crucial for life
  • Roles of water in the body
  • Water balance in the body
  • Water recommendations

     

    14. TRACE MINERALS
    SMALL AMOUNTS WITH BIG IMPORTANCE
    Is iodine deficiency a thing of the past?

  • Introducing the trace minerals
  • Iodine sources and functions
  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Copper
  • Selenium
  • Flouride
  • Other trace minerals
  • Manganese, molybdenum, and chromium
  • Ultratrace minerals

     

    15. ENERGY BALANCE AND OBESITY
    THE SITTING DISEASE
    Understand the causes and consequences of obesity.

  • Energy in, energy out
  • The biology of hunger
  • A NEAT cause of weight gain
  • Lifestyle and energy balance
  • Weight loss recommendations
  • A moratorium on the chair

     

    16. FITNESS AND SPORTS NUTRITION
    EATING TO WIN
    Research suggests that when athletes eat may be just as important as what they eat.

  • Fueling the active body
  • Measures of exercise intensity
  • Dietary carbohydrates for endurance exercise
  • Female athlete triad
  • Body building
  • Hydrating the athlete
  • Sports supplements

     

    17. NUTRITION FOR PREGNANCY, BREASTFEEDING, AND INFANCY
    NOURISHING MOTHER AND BABY
    New research suggests that delaying cord clamping after birth preserves iron status.

  • Changing nutritional needs
  • Food safety
  • Postnatal nutrition
  • Nutrition for the growing child
  • Iron deficiency and cord clamping

     

    18. CHILDHOOD NUTRITION
    FOOD ALLERGIES AND INTOLERANCES

    As paradoxical as it might seem, could dirt and germs make children healthier for life?

  • Growth and development
  • Nutritional intake in children
  • Nutritional recommendations for children
  • Obesity
  • Food allergies

     

    Unique Chapter! The College Years addresses the unique period of life when students are making the transition from home into the college environment, and the changes and the common changes and pressures during this period
    19. THE COLLEGE YEARS
    DETERMINANTS OF EATING BEHAVIOR, ALCOHOL, AND DISORDERED EATING
    How food choices are influenced by social norms.

  • Growth, development and nutrient requirements in late adolescence
  • Determinants of eating behavior
  • Eating challenges on campus
  • Eating disorders
  • Alcohol
  • A successful transition to college life

     

    20. FOOD SAFETY AND SECURITY
    SAFE AND PLENTIFUL FOOD

    How a series of food crises transformed the U.S. food protection system.
  • A brief history of food safety in America
  • Foodborneintoxication and infection
  • Engineering food safety: HACCP and irradiation
  • Food safety and modernization act
  • Food safety in the home
  • Beyond food safety: food security
    21. NUTRITION AND THE AGING ADULT  
    LIVE LONG AND PROSPER
    Can you eat your way to a longer, healthier life?
  • What is aging?
  • Life Expectancy and Lifespan
  • Blue Zones
  • Energy Needs and Physical Activity for the older adult
  • Special Nutrtition Concerns for Older Adults
  • Nutrient Recommendations for Seniors
  •  Maintaining Physical Strength for a Lifetime