Loose-leaf Loose-leaf Version for Exploring American Histories, Value Edition, Volume 1
Second Edition   ©2017

Loose-leaf Version for Exploring American Histories, Value Edition, Volume 1

Nancy A. Hewitt (Rutgers University) , Steven F. Lawson (Rutgers University)

  • ISBN-10: 1-4576-9468-9; ISBN-13: 978-1-4576-9468-4; Format: Loose Leaf Sheets, 385 pages

The Combined Volume includes all chapters. 
Volume 1 includes Chapters 1-14. 
Volume 2 includes Chapters 14-29.

NOTE: LaunchPad material that does not appear in the print book – including guided reading exercises, primary source features and related quizzes, LearningCurve adaptive quizzes, summative quizzes, all of the documents from the companion reader Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, and the Thinking through Sources activities built for projects in the reader – has been labeled on this table of contents as shown. Each chapter in LaunchPad also comes with a wealth of additional documents, videos, key terms flashcards, map quizzes, timeline activities, and much more, all of which can be easily integrated and assigned.

GUIDE TO ANALYZING PRIMARY SOURCES

Preface
Versions and Supplements
Maps, Figures, and Tables
How to Use This Book

1. MAPPING GLOBAL FRONTIERS, TO 1585
Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: Malintzin and Martin Waldseemüller
Native Peoples in the Americas
Native Peoples Develop Diverse Cultures
The Aztecs, the Maya, and the Incas
Native Cultures to the North
Europe Expands Its Reach
The Mediterranean World
Portugal Pursues Long-Distance Trade
European Encounters with West Africa
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 1.1 Martin Waldseemüller and Mathias Ringman, Universalis Cosmographia, 1507 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
Worlds Collide
Europeans Cross the Atlantic
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS Who Are These Native People? Document 1.2 Christopher Columbus, Description of His First Encounter with Indians, 1492; Document 1.3 Antonio Pigafetta, Journal, 1521 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
Europeans Explore the Americas
Mapmaking and Printing
The Columbian Exchange
Europeans Make Claims to North America
Spaniards Conquer Indian Empires
Spanish Adventurers Head North
Europeans Compete in North America
Spain Seeks Dominion in the Americas
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 1.4 Theodor de Bry, Engraving of the Black Legend, 1598 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
Conclusion: A New America
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz
 LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 1 Indian and Spanish Encounters in the Americas, 1520–1555 LaunchPad
Document 1.5 Hernán Cortés, Letter to King Charles I, 1520 LaunchPad
Document 1.6 Aztec Priests Respond to the Spanish, 1524 LaunchPad
Document 1.7 Hernán Cortés and Malintzin Meet Montezuma at Tenochtitlán, 1519 LaunchPad
Document 1.8 Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, La Relación, c. 1528 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 1 LaunchPad
1. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 1: Mapping America LaunchPad
Document 1.1 Christopher and Bartolomeo Columbus, Map of Europe and North Africa, c. 1490
Quiz for Document 1.1 LaunchPad
Document 1.2 Piri Reis Map, 1513
Quiz for Document 1.2 LaunchPad
Document 1.3 Dauphin Map of Canada, c. 1543
Quiz for Document 1.3 LaunchPad
Document 1.4 Map of Cuauhtinchan, 1550
Quiz for Document 1.4 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 1: Mapping America LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 1 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 1 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 1 LaunchPad

2. COLONIZATION AND CONFLICTS, 1550–1680
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: Captain John Smith and Anne Hutchinson
Religious and Imperial Transformations
The Protestant Reformation
Spain’s Global Empire Declines
France Enters the Race for Empire
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 2.1 A French Nun Reports a Huron Woman’s View of the Jesuits, 1640 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
The Dutch Expand into North America
The English Seek an Empire
The English Establish Jamestown
Tobacco Fuels Growth in Virginia
Expansion, Rebellion, and the Emergence of Slavery
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS Indentured Servants in Maryland Document 2.2 Sarah Tailer Charges Captain and Mrs. Thomas Bradnox with Abuse, 1659; Document 2.3 John Smith et al. Petition the Governor and Council for Redress, 1663 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
The English Compete for West Indies Possessions
Pilgrims and Puritans Settle New England
Pilgrims Arrive in Massachusetts
The Puritan Migration
The Puritan Worldview
Dissenters Challenge Puritan Authority
Wars in Old and New England
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 2.4 Captain John Underhill, Attack at Mystic, Connecticut, 1638 LaunchPad
Mystic, Connecticut, 1638 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
Conclusion: European Empires in North America
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 2 King Philip’s War LaunchPad
Document 2.5 William Nahaton, Petition to Free an Indian Slave, 1675 LaunchPad
Document 2.6 Benjamin Church, A Visit with Awashonks, Sachem of the Sakonnet, 1716 LaunchPad
Document 2.7 John Easton, A Relation of the Indian War, 1675 LaunchPad
Document 2.8 Edward Randolph, Report on the War, 1676 LaunchPad
Document 2.9 Mary Rowlandson, Narrative of Captivity, 1682 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 2 LaunchPad
2. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 2: Comparing Virginia and Massachusetts Bay Colonies LaunchPad
Document 2.1 John Smith, The Commodities in Virginia, c. 1612
Quiz for Document 2.1 LaunchPad
Document 2.2 Powhatan’s Viewpoint, as reported by John Smith, 1609
Quiz for Document 2.2 LaunchPad
Document 2.3 John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity, 1630
Quiz for Document 2.3 LaunchPad
Document 2.4 Richard Frethorne, Letter Home from Virginia, 1623
Quiz for Document 2.4 LaunchPad
Document 2.5 Letter Home from Massachusetts Bay, 1631
Quiz for Document 2.5 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 2: Comparing Virginia and Massachusetts Bay Colonies LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 2 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 2 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 2 LaunchPad

3. COLONIAL AMERICA AMID GLOBAL CHANGE, 1680–1750
Guided Reading Exercise
 LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: William Moraley Jr. and Eliza Lucas
Europeans Expand Their Claims
English Colonies Grow and Multiply
France Seeks Land and Control
The Pueblo Revolt and Spain’s Fragile Empire
European Wars and American Consequences 
Colonial Conflicts and Indian Alliances
Indians Resist European Encroachment
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 3.1 The Tuscarora Appeal to the Pennsylvania Government, 1710 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
Conflicts on the Southern Frontier
The Benefits and Costs of Empire
Colonial Traders Join Global Networks
Imperial Policies Focus on Profits
The Atlantic Slave Trade
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS The Middle Passage Document 3.2 Plan of a Slave Ship, 1794; Document 3.3 The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, 1789 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
Seaport Cities and Consumer Cultures
Labor in North America
Finding Work in the Colonies
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 3.4 Gottlieb Mittelberger, Laboring in Pennsylvania, 1756 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
Coping with Economic Distress
Rural Americans Face Changing Conditions
Slavery Takes Hold in the South
Africans Resist Their Enslavement
Conclusion: Changing Fortunes in British North America
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 3 Tobacco and Slaves LaunchPad
Document 3.5 Virginia Slave Laws, 1662 and 1667 LaunchPad
Document 3.6 John Ball Instructs His Nephew on Managing Enslaved Workers, 1743 LaunchPad
Document 3.7 Enslaved Blacks Working on a Tobacco Plantation LaunchPad
Document 3.8 Richard Corbin Describes How to Become a Successful Planter, 1759 LaunchPad
Document 3.9 Lieutenant Governor William Gooch to the Board of Trade, London, 1729 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 3 LaunchPad
3. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 3: The Atlantic Slave Trade LaunchPad
Document 3.1 Venture Smith, A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Venture, a Native of Africa, 1798
Quiz for Document 3.1 LaunchPad
Document 3.2 Thomas Phillips, Voyage of the Hannibal, 1694
Quiz for Document 3.2 LaunchPad
Document 3.3 Willem Bosman, A New and Accurate Description of the Coast of Guinea, 1703
Quiz for Document 3.3 LaunchPad
Document 3.4 Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, 1789
Quiz for Document 3.4 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 3: The Atlantic Slave Trade LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 3 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 3 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 3 LaunchPad

4. RELIGIOUS STRIFE AND SOCIAL UPHEAVALS, 1680–1750
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: Gilbert Tennent and Sarah Grosvenor
An Ungodly Society?
The Rise of Religious Anxieties
Cries of Witchcraft
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 4.1 Abigail Faulkner Appeals Her Conviction for Witchcraft, 1692 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
Family and Household Dynamics
Women’s Changing Status
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS Elite Women’s Lives in the North American Colonies Document 4.2 Isaac Royall and His Family, 1741; Document 4.3 Eliza Lucas Letter to Miss Bartlett, London, c. 1742 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
Working Families
Reproduction and Women’s Roles
The Limits of Patriarchal Order
Diversity and Competition in Colonial Society
Population Growth and Economic Competition
Increasing Diversity
Expansion and Conflict
Religious Awakenings
The Roots of the Great Awakening
An Outburst of Revivals
Religious Dissension
Political Awakenings
Changing Political Relations
Dissent and Protest
Transforming Urban Politics
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 4.4 Andrew Hamilton’s Defense of John Peter Zenger, 1736 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
Conclusion: A Divided Society
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 4 Awakening Religious Tensions LaunchPad
Document 4.5 Nathan Cole, On George Whitefield Coming to Connecticut, 1740 LaunchPad
Document 4.6 Benjamin Franklin, On George Whitefield, the Great Revivalist, 1739 LaunchPad
Document 4.7 Jonathan Edwards, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, 1741
Document 4.8 Newspaper Report on James Davenport, 1743 LaunchPad
Document 4.9 John Collet, George Whitefield Preaching, c. 1760 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 4 LaunchPad
4. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 4: A New Commercial Culture in Boston LaunchPad
Document 4.1 Ship Arrivals and Departures at Boston, 1707
Quiz for Document 4.1 LaunchPad
Document 4.2 Goods for Sale, 1720
Quiz for Document 4.2 LaunchPad
Document 4.3 Advertisement for Musical Instruments, 1716
Quiz for Document 4.3 LaunchPad
Document 4.4 Chest of Drawers, ca. 1735–1739
Quiz for Document 4.4 LaunchPad
Document 4.5 Advertisement for Runaway Slave, 1744
Quiz for Document 4.5 LaunchPad
Document 4.6 Letter from a Boston Protester, 1737
Quiz for Document 4.6 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 4: A New Commercial Culture in Boston LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 4 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 4 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 4 LaunchPad

5. WARS AND EMPIRES, 1750–1774
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: George Washington and Hermon Husband
Imperial Conflicts and Indian Wars, 1754–1763
The Opening Battles
A Shift to Global War
The Costs of Victory
Battles and Boundaries on the Frontier
Conflicts over Land and Labor Escalate
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 5.1 Hermon Husband, Causes of Armed Resistance in North Carolina, 1770 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
Postwar British Policies and Colonial Unity
Common Grievances
Forging Ties across the Colonies
Great Britain Seeks Greater Control
Resistance to Britain Intensifies
The Stamp Act Inspires Coordinated Resistance
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS Protesting the Stamp Act Document 5.2 London Merchants Petition to Repeal the Stamp Act, 1766; Document 5.3 The Repeal, 1766 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
The Townshend Act and the Boston Massacre
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 5.4 John Dickinson, Letter from a Farmer, 1768 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
Continuing Conflicts at Home
Tea and Widening Resistance
The Continental Congress and Colonial Unity
Conclusion: Liberty within Empire
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 5 The Boston Massacre LaunchPad
Document 5.5 Deposition of William Wyatt, March 7, 1770 LaunchPad
Document 5.6 Account of Boston Massacre Funeral Procession, March 12, 1770 LaunchPad
Document 5.7 Paul Revere, Etching of the Boston Massacre, 1770 LaunchPad
Document 5.8 Account of Captain Thomas Preston, June 25, 1770 LaunchPad
Document 5.9 John Adams, Defense of the British Soldiers at Trial, October 1770 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 5 LaunchPad
5. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 5: Defining Liberty, Defining America LaunchPad
Document 5.1 The Albany Plan of Union, 1754
Quiz for Document 5.1 LaunchPad
Document 5.2 Boycott Agreement of Women in Boston, 1770
Quiz for Document 5.2 LaunchPad
Document 5.3 Peter Bestes and Massachusetts Slaves, Letter to Local Representatives, 1773
Quiz for Document 5.3 LaunchPad
Document 5.4 Committees of Correspondence, 1773
Quiz for Document 5.4 LaunchPad
Document 5.5 J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur, Letters from an American Farmer, 1782
Quiz for Document 5.5 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 5: Defining Liberty, Defining America LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 5 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 5 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 5 LaunchPad

6. THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, 1775–1783
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: Thomas Paine and Deborah Sampson
The Question of Independence
Armed Conflict Erupts
Building a Continental Army
Reasons for Caution and for Action
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 6.1 Thomas Paine, Common Sense, January 1776 LaunchPad
Declaring Independence
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
Choosing Sides
Recruiting Supporters
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS African Americans in New York City amid the Upheavals of 1776 Document 6.2 Slaves Destroy Statue of King George III in New York City, July 1776; Document 6.3 A Fire Burns British-Occupied New York City, September 1776 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
Choosing Neutrality
Committing to Independence
Fighting for Independence, 1776–1777
British Troops Gain Early Victories
Patriots Prevail in New Jersey
A Critical Year of Warfare
Patriots Gain Critical Assistance
Surviving on the Home Front
Governing in Revolutionary Times
Colonies Become States
Patriots Divide over Slavery
France Allies with the Patriots
Raising Armies and Funds
Indian Affairs and Land Claims
Winning the War and the Peace, 1778–1781
Fighting in the West
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 6.4 Mary Jemison, The War’s Impact on the Seneca Nation, 1823 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
War Rages in the South
An Uncertain Peace
A Surprising Victory
Conclusion: Legacies of the Revolution
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 6 Women in the Revolution LaunchPad
Document 6.5 Christian Barnes, Letter to Elizabeth Inman, April 29, 1775 LaunchPad
Document 6.6 Deborah Champion, Letter to Patience, October 2, 1775 LaunchPad
Document 6.7 Abigail Adams, Letter to John Adams, March 31, 1776 LaunchPad
Document 6.8 Esther De Berdt Reed, The Sentiments of an American Woman, 1780 LaunchPad
Document 6.9 Elizabeth "Mumbet" Freeman, 1811 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 6 LaunchPad
6. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 6: Loyalists in the American Revolution LaunchPad
Document 6.1 Joseph Galloway, Speech to Continental Congress, 1774
Quiz for Document 6.1 LaunchPad
Document 6.2 Charles Inglis, The True Interest of America, Impartially Stated, 1776
Quiz for Document 6.2 LaunchPad
Document 6.3 Hannah Griffits, Response to Thomas Paine, 1776
Quiz for Document 6.3 LaunchPad
Document 6.4 Joseph Brant (Mohawk) Expresses Loyalty to the Crown (1776)
Quiz for Document 6.4 LaunchPad
Document 6.5 Boston King, Memoirs of the Life of Boston King, 1798
Quiz for Document 6.5 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 6: Loyalists in the American Revolution LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 6 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 6 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 6 LaunchPad

7. FORGING A NEW NATION, 1783–1800
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: Daniel Shays and Alexander HamiltonFinancial, Frontier, and Foreign Problems
Continental Officers Threaten Confederation
Indians, Land, and the Northwest OrdinanceGUIDED ANALYSIS Document 7.1 United Indian Nations Council, Message to Congress, 1786 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
Depression and DebtOn the Political Margins
Separating Church and State
African Americans Struggle for RightsCOMPARATIVE ANALYSIS Women and Free Blacks Claim Rights in the Nation Document 7.2 Judith Sargent Murray, On the Equality of the Sexes, 1790; Document 7.3 Petition from Free Blacks of Charleston, 1791 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
Women Seek Wider Roles
Indebted Farmers Fuel Political Crises
Reframing the American Government
The Constitutional Convention of 1787
Americans Battle over Ratification
Organizing the Federal Government
Hamilton Forges an Economic Agenda
Years of Crisis, 1792–1796
Foreign Trade and Foreign Wars
The Whiskey Rebellion
Further Conflicts on the Frontier
The First Party System
The Adams Presidency
The Election of 1800
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 7.4 The Election of 1800 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
Conclusion: A Young Nation Comes of Age
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 7 Debating the Constitution in New York State LaunchPad

Document 7.5 James Madison, Federalist 10, The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection, November 1787
Document 7.6 Melancton Smith, Antifederalist Argument at the New York State Convention, June 1788 LaunchPad
Document 7.7 Alexander Hamilton, Federalist Argument at the New York State Convention, June 1788 LaunchPad
Document 7.8 John Williams, Antifederalist Argument at the New York State Convention, June 1788 LaunchPad
Document 7.9 The Eleventh Pillar of the Great National Dome, July 1788 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 7 LaunchPad
7. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 7: Whiskey Rebellion LaunchPad
Document 7.1 Resolution to the Pennsylvania Legislature, 1791
Quiz for Document 7.1 LaunchPad
Document 7.2 The Pittsburgh Resolution, 1794
Quiz for Document 7.2 LaunchPad
Document 7.3 George Washington, Proclamation Against the Rebels, 1794
Quiz for Document 7.3 LaunchPad
Document 7.4 Alexander Hamilton, Letter to George Washington, August 5, 1794
Quiz for Document 7.4 LaunchPad
Document 7.5 James Madison, Letter to James Monroe, December 4, 1794
Quiz for Document 7.5 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 7: Whiskey Rebellion LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 6 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 6 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 6 LaunchPad

8. THE EARLY REPUBLIC, 1790–1820
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: Parker Cleaveland and Sacagawea
The Dilemmas of National Identity
Education for a New Nation
Literary and Cultural Developments
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 8.1 Samuel Jennings, Liberty Displaying the Arts and Sciences, 1792 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
The Racial Limits of an American Culture
Emigration and Colonization
A New Capital for a New Nation
Extending Federal Power
A New Administration Faces Challenges
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS White Responses to Black Rebellion Document 8.2 Thomas Jefferson, Letter to U.S. Minister to Great Britain Rufus King, July 1802; Document 8.3 Leonora Sansay, Letter to Aaron Burr, November 1802 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
Acquiring the Louisiana Territory
The Supreme Court Extends Its Reach
Democratic-Republicans Expand Federal Powers
Remaking America’s Economic Character
The U.S. Population Grows and Migrates
Technology Reshapes Agriculture and Industry
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 8.4 Timothy Dwight, Visit to Worcester (Massachusetts) Mills, 1821 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
Transforming Household Production
Technology, Cotton, and Slaves
Conclusion: New Identities and New Challenges
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 8 The Corps of Discovery: Paeans to Peace and Instruments of War LaunchPad
Document 8.5 William Clark, Journal, October 12, 1804 LaunchPad
Document 8.6 Charles McKenzie, Narrative of a Fur Trader, November 1804 LaunchPad
Document 8.7 William Clark, Journal, November 18, 1804 LaunchPad
Document 8.8 Clark and Lewis Journal, January 28 and February 1, 1805 LaunchPad
Document 8.9 Meriwether Lewis, Journal, August 20, 1805 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 8 LaunchPad
8. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 8: Race Relations in the Early Republic LaunchPad
Document 8.1 Confession of Solomon, September 1800
Quiz for Document 8.1 LaunchPad
Document 8.2 Andrew Jackson, Runaway Slave Advertisement, 1804
Quiz for Document 8.2 LaunchPad
Document 8.3 Robert Sutcliff, Travels in Some Parts of North America, 1812
Quiz for Document 8.3 LaunchPad
Document 8.4 Free Blacks in Philadelphia Oppose Colonization, 1817
Quiz for Document 8.4 LaunchPad
Document 8.5 Richard Allen, Excerpt from The Life, Experience, and Gospel Labours of the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen, 1833
Quiz for Document 8.5 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 8: Race Relations in the Early Republic LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 8 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 8 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 8 LaunchPad

9. DEFENDING AND REDEFINING THE NATION, 1809–1832
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: Dolley Madison and John Ross
Conflicts at Home and Abroad
Tensions at Sea and on the Frontier
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 9.1 Tecumseh, Speech to William Henry Harrison, 1810 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
War Erupts with Britain
National Expansion and Regional Economies
Governments Fuel Economic Growth
Americans Expand the Nation’s Borders
Regional Economic Development
Economic and Political Crises
The Panic of 1819
Slavery in Missouri
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS Protesting the Missouri Compromise Document 9.2 Timothy Claimright, Maine Not to Be Coupled with the Missouri Question, 1820; Document 9.3 Thomas Jefferson, Letter to John Holmes, 1820 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
The Expansion and Limits of American Democracy
Expanding Voting Rights
Racial Restrictions and Antiblack Violence
Political Realignments
The Presidential Election of 1828
Jacksonian Politics in Action
A Democratic Spirit?
Confrontations over Tariffs and the Bank
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 9.4 General Jackson Slaying the Many Headed Monster, 1836 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
Contesting Indian Removal
Conclusion: The Nation Faces New Challenges
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 9 The Election of 1828 LaunchPad
Document 9.5 Proceedings of the Anti-Jackson Convention in Richmond, 1828 LaunchPad
Document 9.6 John Binns, Monumental Inscriptions, 1828 LaunchPad
Document 9.7 New Jersey Pro-Jackson Convention, 1828 LaunchPad
Document 9.8 Resolution of the Albany County Republican Convention, 1828 LaunchPad
Document 9.9 President Andrew Jackson’s First Inauguration, 1829 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 9 LaunchPad
9. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 9: The Panic of 1819 LaunchPad
Document 9.1 Auction in Chatham Square Street, 1820
Quiz for Document 9.1 LaunchPad
Document 9.2 James Flint, Account of the Panic, 1820
Quiz for Document 9.2 LaunchPad
Document 9.3 Virginia Agricultural Society, Antitariff Petition, 1820
Quiz for Document 9.3 LaunchPad
Document 9.4 James Kent, Arguments against Expanding Male Voting Rights, 1821
Quiz for Document 9.4 LaunchPad
Document 9.5 Nathan Sanford, Arguments for Expanding Male Voting Rights, 1821
Quiz for Document 9.5 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 9: The Panic of 1819 LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 9 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 9  LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 9 LaunchPad

10. SLAVERY EXPANDS SOUTH AND WEST, 1830–1850
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: James Henry Hammond and Solomon Northrup
Planters Expand the Slave System
A Plantation Society Develops in the South
Urban Life in the Slave South
The Consequences of Slavery’s Expansion
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 10.1 Edward Strutt Abdy, Description of Washington D.C., Slave Pen, 1833 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
Slave Society and Culture
Slaves Fuel the Southern Economy
Developing an African American Culture
Resistance and Rebellion
Planters Tighten Control
Harsher Treatment for Southern Blacks
White Southerners without Slaves
Planters Seek to Unify Southern Whites
Democrats Face Political and Economic Crises
The Battle for Texas
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS Two Views on Texas Independence Document 10.2 Colonel William Travis, Appeal for Reinforcements, March 3, 1836; Document 10.3 Benjamin Lundy, The War in Texas, 1836 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
Indians Resist Removal
Van Buren and the Panic of 1837
The Whigs Win the White House
The National Government Looks to the West
Expanding to Oregon and Texas
Pursuing War with Mexico
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 10.4 Richard Caton Woodville, War News from Mexico, 1848 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
Debates over Slavery Intensify
Conclusion: Geographical Expansion and Political Division
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 10 Lives in Slavery LaunchPad
Document 10.5 William Wells Brown, Memories of Childhood LaunchPad
Document 10.6 Harriet Jacobs, A Girl Threatened by Sexual Exploitation LaunchPad
Document 10.7 Solomon Northup, Endless Labor and Constant Fear LaunchPad
Document 10.8 Friedrich Shulz, The Slave Market LaunchPad
Document 10.9 Mary Reynolds, Recalling Work, Punishment, and Faith LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 10 LaunchPad
10. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 10: The Cherokee Removal LaunchPad
Document 10.1 Andrew Jackson, Second Annual Message, 1830
Quiz for Document 10.1 LaunchPad
Document 10.2 Petition of the Women’s Councils to the Cherokee National Council, 1831
Quiz for Document 10.2 LaunchPad
Document 10.3 John Marshall, Majority Opinion, Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 1831
Quiz for Document 10.3 LaunchPad
Document 10.4 Andrew Jackson as the Great Father, ca. 1835
Quiz for Document 10.4 LaunchPad
Document 10.5 John Ross, On the Treaty of New Echota, 1836
Quiz for Document 10.5 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 10: The Cherokee Removal LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 10 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 10 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 10 LaunchPad

11. SOCIAL AND CULTURAL FERMENT IN THE NORTH, 1820–1850
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: Charles Grandison Finney and Amy Post
The Growth of Northern Cities
The Lure of Urban Life
The Roots of Urban Disorder
The New Middle Class
The Rise of Industry
Factory Towns and Women Workers
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 11.1 Harriet Robinson, Reflections on the 1836 Lowell Mill Strike, 1898 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
The Decline of Craft Work and Workingmen’s Responses
The Panic of 1837 in the North
Saving the Nation from Sin
The Second Great Awakening
New Visions of Faith and Reform
Transcendentalism
Organizing for Change
Varieties of Reform
The Problem of Poverty
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS How Can We Help the Poor? Document 11.2 Matthew Carey, Appeal to the Wealthy of the Land, 1833; Document 11.3 Mrs. Emily G. Kempshall, Letter to the Rochester Female Charitable Society, 1838 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
The Temperance Movement
Utopian Communities
Abolitionism Expands and Divides
The Beginnings of the Antislavery Movement
Abolition Gains Ground and Enemies
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 11.4 Frederick Douglass, What, to the American Negro, is Your 4th of July?  LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
Abolitionism and Women’s Rights
The Rise of Antislavery Parties
Conclusion: From the North to the Nation
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 11 Religious Faith and Women’s Activism LaunchPad
Document 11.5 Charles G. Finney, An Influential Woman Convert, 1830 LaunchPad
Document 11.6 Elizabeth Emery and Mary P. Abbott, Founding a Female Anti-Slavery Society, 1836 LaunchPad
Document 11.7 Maria Stewart, On Religion and the Pure Principles of Morality, 1831 LaunchPad
Document 11.8 Congregational Pastoral Letter, 1837 LaunchPad
Document 11.9 Sarah Grimké, Response to the Pastoral Letter, 1837 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 11 LaunchPad
11. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 11: Debating Abolition LaunchPad
Document 11.1 William Lloyd Garrison, On the Constitution and the Union, 1832
Quiz for Document 11.1 LaunchPad
Document 11.2 Angelina Grimké, Appeal to the Christian Women of the South, 1836
Quiz for Document 11.2 LaunchPad
Document 11.3 Stephen Symonds Foster, The Brotherhood of Thieves, 1843
Quiz for Document 11.3 LaunchPad
Document 11.4 Liberty Party Platform, 1844
Quiz for Document 11.4 LaunchPad
Document 11.5 Frederick Douglass, Abolitionism and the Constitution, 1851
Quiz for Document 11.5 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 11: Debating Abolition LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 11 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 11 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 11 LaunchPad

12. IMPERIAL AMBITIONS AND SECTIONAL CRISES, 1842–1861
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: John C. Frémont and Dred Scott
Claiming the West
Traveling the Overland Trail
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 12.1 Elizabeth Smith Geer, Oregon Trail Diary, 1847 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
The Gold Rush
A Crowded Land
Expansion and the Politics of Slavery
California and the Compromise of 1850
The Fugitive Slave Act Inspires Northern Protest
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS The Fugitive Slave Law Contested Document 12.2 William C. Nell, Meeting of Colored Citizens of Boston, September 30, 1850; Document 12.3 President Millard Fillmore, Proclamation 56 Calling on Citizens to Assist in the Recapture of a Fugitive Slave, February 18, 1851 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
Pierce Encourages U.S. Expansion
Sectional Crises Intensify
Popularizing Antislavery Sentiment
The Kansas-Nebraska Act Stirs Dissent
Bleeding Kansas and the Election of 1856
The Dred Scott Decision
From Sectional Crisis to Southern Secession
John Brown’s Raid
The Election of 1860
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 12.4 Republican Party Presidential Ticket, 1860 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
The Lower South Secedes
Conclusion: A Nation Divided
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz
 LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 12 Visions of John Brown LaunchPad
Document 12.5 State Register (Springfield, Illinois), The Irrepressible Conflict, 1859 LaunchPad
Document 12.6 Henry David Thoreau, A Plea for Captain John Brown, 1859 LaunchPad
Document 12.7 Reverend J. Sella Martin, Day of Mourning Speech, December 2, 1859 LaunchPad
Document 12.8 A Southern Paper Reacts to Brown’s Execution, December 3, 1859 LaunchPad
Document 12.9 Currier and Ives, John Brown on His Way to Execution, 1863 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 12 LaunchPad
12. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 12: Sectional Politics and the Rise of the Republican Party LaunchPad
Document 12.1 Abraham Lincoln, On Slavery, 1854
Quiz for Document 12.1 LaunchPad
Document 12.2 Republican Party Platform, 1856
Quiz for Document 12.2 LaunchPad
Document 12.3 Charles Sumner, The Crime against Kansas, 1856
Quiz for Document 12.3 LaunchPad
Document 12.4 Lydia Maria Child, Letter to Mrs. S.B. Shaw and Miss Lucy Osgood, 1856
Quiz for Document 12.4 LaunchPad
Document 12.5 The Lincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858
Quiz for Document 12.5 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 12: Sectional Politics and the Rise of the Republican Party LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 12 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 12 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 12 LaunchPad

13. CIVIL WAR, 1861–1865
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: Frederick Douglass and Rose O’Neal Greenhow
The Nation Goes to War, 1861
The South Embraces Secession
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 13.1 Robert Toombs, Supporting Secession in Georgia, 1860 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
Military Conflict and Political Strife, 1861–1862
The Wartime Roles of African Americans and Indians
Union Politicians Consider Emancipation
War Transforms the North and the South
Life and Death on the Battlefield
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS Photographers Bring the War Home Document 13.2 Union Soldiers in Camp, c. 1863; Document 13.3 Battlefield Dead at Antietam, 1862 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
The Northern Economy Expands
Urbanization and Industrialization in the South
Women Aid the War Effort
Dissent and Protest in the Midst of War
The Tide of War Turns, 1863-1865
Key Victories for the Union
African Americans Contribute to Victory
The Final Battles of a Hard War
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 13.4 Eleanor Cohen Seixas, Journal Entry, February 1865 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
The War Comes to an EndConclusion: An Uncertain Future
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 13 Civil War Letters and Journals LaunchPad
Document 13.5 Frederick Spooner, Letter to His Brother Henry, April 30, 1861 LaunchPad
Document 13.6 John Hines, Letter to His Parents, April 22, 1862 LaunchPad
Document 13.7 Suzy King Taylor, Caring for the Thirty-third U.S. Colored Troops, 1863 LaunchPad
Document 13.8 Thomas Freeman, Letter to His Brother-in-Law, March 26, 1864 LaunchPad
Document 13.9: Eliza Frances Andrews, On Union Prisoners of War, January 1865 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 13 LaunchPad
13. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 13: Home Front Protest during the Civil War LaunchPad
Document 13.1 John Beauchamp Jones, The Richmond Bread Riot, 1866
Quiz for Document 13.1 LaunchPad
Document 13.2 Testimony of New York City Draft Riot Victim Mrs. Statts, collected by the Committee of Merchants for the Relief of Colored People, Suffering from the Late Riots, 1863
Quiz for Document 13.2 LaunchPad
Document 13.3 Richmond Bread Riot Cartoon, 1863
Quiz for Document 13.3 LaunchPad
Document 13.4 Clement L. Vallandigham, The Civil War in America, 1863
Quiz for Document 13.4 LaunchPad
Document 13.5 Calls for Peace in North Carolina, 1863
Quiz for Document 13.5 LaunchPad
Document 13.6 Ella Gertrude Clanton Thomas Diary, 1864
Quiz for Document 13.6 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 13: Home Front Protest during the Civil War LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 13 LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 13 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 13 LaunchPad

14. EMANCIPATION AND RECONSTRUCTION, 1863–1877
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
AMERICAN HISTORIES: Jefferson Long and Andrew Johnson
Emancipation
African Americans Embrace Freedom
GUIDED ANALYSIS Document 14.1 Freedpeople Petition for Land, 1865 LaunchPad
Quiz for Guided Analysis LaunchPad
Reuniting Families Torn Apart by Slavery
Freedom to Learn
Freedom to Worship and the Leadership Role of Black Churches
National Reconstruction
Abraham Lincoln Plans for Reunification
Andrew Johnson and Presidential Reconstruction
Johnson and Congressional Resistance
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS Debating the Freedmen’s Bureau Document 14.2 Colonel Eliphalet Whittlesey, Report on the Freedmen’s Bureau, 1865; Document 14.3 Democratic Flier Opposing the Freedmen’s Bureau Bill, 1866 LaunchPad
Quiz for Comparative Analysis LaunchPad
Congressional Reconstruction
The Struggle for Universal Suffrage
Remaking the South
Whites Reconstruct the South
Black Political Participation and Economic Opportunities
SOLO ANALYSIS Document 14.4 Sharecropping Agreement, 1870 LaunchPad
Quiz for Solo Analysis LaunchPad
White Resistance to Congressional Reconstruction
The Unraveling of Reconstruction
The Republican Retreat
Congressional and Judicial Retreat
The Presidential Compromise of 1876
Conclusion: The Legacies of Reconstruction
LearningCurve
 LaunchPad
Chapter Review 
Summative Quiz LaunchPad
DOCUMENT PROJECT 14 Testing and Contesting Freedom LaunchPad
Document 14.5 Mississippi Black Code, 1865 LaunchPad
Document 14.6 Richard H. Cain, Federal Aid for Land Purchase, 1868 LaunchPad
Document 14.7 Ellen Parton, Testimony on Klan Violence, 1871 LaunchPad
Document 14.8 Thomas Nast, Colored Rule in a Reconstructed (?) State, 1874 LaunchPad
Document 14.9 What the Centennial Ought to Accomplish, 1875 LaunchPad
Quiz for Document Project 14 LaunchPad
14. Document Projects for Exploring American Histories, Document Project 14: Reconstruction in South Carolina LaunchPad
Document 14.1 Colored People’s Convention of South Carolina, Memorial to Congress, 1865
Quiz for Document 14.1 LaunchPad
Document 14.2 Lottie Rollin, Address on Universal Suffrage, 1870
Quiz for Document 14.2 LaunchPad
Document 14.3 Robert Brown Elliott, In Defense of the Civil Rights Bill, 1874
Quiz for Document 14.3 LaunchPad
Document 14.4 James Shepherd Pike, The Prostrate State, 1874
Quiz for Document 14.4 LaunchPad
Document 14.5 Ulysses S. Grant, Letter to South Carolina Governor D. H. Chamberlain, 1876
Quiz for Document 14.5 LaunchPad
Interpret the Evidence and Put It in Context
THINKING THROUGH SOURCES 14: Reconstruction in the South Carolina LaunchPad
Organize the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 14  LaunchPad
Draw Conclusions from the Evidence for Thinking through Sources 14 LaunchPad
Essay Questions for Thinking through Sources 14 LaunchPad

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