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Preface for InstructorsPart 1 Writing and Rhetoric in Action1 Writing Rhetorically Understanding the Impact of Communication Technologies on WritingWriting and RhetoricComposing — and Designing — TextsDeveloping Rhetorical SensitivityNote for Multilingual WritersRhetorical Sensitivity and Kairos Note for Multilingual WritersFor Thought, Discussion, and Writing2 Reading Rhetorically Applying Rhetorical Sensitivity to Your Reading Understanding Your Purposes as a Reader Understanding How Genre Affects Your Reading Understanding How Medium and Device Affect Your ReadingGuidelines: Quiz: Reading on Page or Screen Note for Multilingual Writers Understanding the Text’s Rhetorical SituationGuidelines: Questions for Analyzing a Text’s Rhetorical Situation Note for Multilingual WritersDeveloping the Habits of Mind Needed for Academic Reading Developing Critical Reading Skills PreviewingGuidelines: Questions for Previewing a Text AnnotatingGuidelines: Questions for Annotating a Text SummarizingGuidelines: Guidelines for Summarizing a Text Analyzing a Text’s ArgumentGuidelines: Questions for Analyzing a Text’s ArgumentReading Visual TextsGuidelines: Questions for Analyzing Visual TextsFor Thought, Discussion, and Writing
3 Analyzing Rhetorical Situations Learning to Analyze Your Rhetorical Situation The Rhetorical Situation Note for Multilingual WritersGuidelines: Questions for Analyzing Your Rhetorical Situation Using Your Rhetorical Analysis to Guide Your Writing Setting Preliminary Goals Reading: Alia Sands’s AnalysisUsing Aristotle’s Three Appeals Reading: Brandon Barrett’s AnalysisAnalyzing Textual ConventionsGuidelines: Characteristics of an Effective Academic EssayObserving a Professional Writer at Work: Comparing and Contrasting Textual Conventions Note for Multilingual WritersUsing Textual ConventionsFor Thought, Discussion, and Writing
4 Academic Writing: Committing to the Process Managing the Writing Process Identifying Composing StylesComposing Styles: Advantages and Disadvantages Note for Multilingual Writers Analyzing Your Composing ProcessGuidelines: Quiz: Analyzing Your Composing Process Note for Multilingual WritersWriting Communities Finding a Community Working CollaborativelyGuidelines: Guidelines for Group WorkFor Thought, Discussion, and Writing
Part II Writing in College5 Analyzing and Synthesizing Texts Understanding the Centrality of Reading to Academic WritingConsidering Analysis and Synthesis in the Context of the Academic CommunityUnderstanding Your Audience Reading: Hope Leman, "The Role of Journalists in American Society: A comparison of the 'Mirror' and 'Flashlight' Models"Understanding How Analysis Works Establishing a Purpose for Your Analysis Developing an Appropriate Method for Your AnalysisUnderstanding the Relationship between Analysis and ArgumentGuidelines: Questions for Developing an Appropriate Method for Analysis Analyzing Academic Arguments Determining the Question at IssueGuidelines: Stasis Questions Reading: Amitai Etzioni, Less Privacy Is Good for Us (and You) Identifying an Author’s Position on a Question Using Aristotle’s Three AppealsGuidelines: Questions for Critical Reading and Analysis Note for Multilingual Writers Recognizing FallaciesGuidelines for Identifying FallaciesPutting Theory into Practice I:Academic Analysis in Action Reading: Stevon Roberts, “The Price of Public Safety”Understanding How Synthesis WorksGuidelines: Questions for Synthesizing TextsPutting Theory into Practice II: Academic Synthesis in Action Reading: Ellie Hurley, “The Role of Technology in the Classroom: Two Views”For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
6 Making and Supporting Claims Understanding — and Designing — Academic ArgumentsExploring Aristotle’s Three AppealsUnderstanding the Role of Values and Beliefs in ArgumentGuidelines: Guidelines for Analyzing Your Own Values and Beliefs Note for Multilingual WritersMastering the Essential Moves in Academic Writing Determining Whether a Claim Can Be Argued Developing a Working ThesisGuidelines: Guidelines for Developing an Arguable Claim Providing Good Reasons and Supporting Them with Evidence Acknowledging Possible CounterargumentsGuidelines: Questions for Evaluating Evidence Framing Your Argument as Part of the Scholarly Conversation Using Media to Strengthen Your ArgumentGuidelines: Guidelines for Using Visuals in Academic WritingComposing an Academic Argument: A Case Study of One Student’s Writing Process Daniel Stiepleman’s Annotation of the Public Service Announcement Daniel’s Cluster Daniel’s Discovery Draft Daniel’s Journal Entry Daniel’s Rhetorical Analysis Daniel’s Plan for His Essay Daniel’s First Draft Daniel’s Second Draft with Peer Comments Daniel’s Response to Peer Comments Daniel’s Final Draft Reading: Daniel Stiepleman, “Literacy in America: Reading between the Lines”For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
7 Doing Research: Joining the Scholarly Conversation Guidelines: Questions for Analyzing Your Rhetorical Situation as a ResearcherHabits of Mind for Academic ResearchEXPLORING A TOPIC AND FINDING A FOCUSChoosing a TopicExploring a Topic Considering Multiple Perspectives Hands-On ResearchGuidelines: Guidelines for Hands-On MethodsFinding a FocusManaging UncertaintyGATHERING INFORMATION AND STAYING ORGANIZEDPlanning Ahead Searching with Keywords Revising and Refining KeywordsGuidelines: Questions to Ask as You Devise and Revise Your List of Keywords Learning from Your ResultsUsing Common Research Tools Field Searching Using Filters (Facets) and Advanced ToolsGuidelines: Questions to Consider When Using a New Research Tool Retrieving Full TextGuidelines: Guidelines for Getting the Full Text of ArticlesUsing Tools—from Note Cards to Citation Managers—to Stay OrganizedAsking for HelpSYNTHESIZING, WRITING, AND CITINGEvaluating SourcesChoosing Evidence Navigating Source Requirements Understanding Academic AudiencesGuidelines: Questions to Consider as You Choose SourcesSynthesizing Information and IdeasStructuring a Supporting Paragraph in a Research ProjectQuoting, Paraphrasing, and SummarizingGuidelines: When Should I Quote, Paraphrase or Summarize? Using Signal Phrases Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing Appropriately and EthicallyAvoiding PlagiarismGuidelines: Guidelines for Avoiding Plagiarism Note for Multilingual WritersUsing Appropriate Citation Styles and FormattingUnderstanding Your Rights as a Content CreatorIsn’t There More to Say Here on Writing?Sample Research Essay Using MLA Documentation Style Reading: Alletta Brenner, “Sweatshop U.S.A.: Human Trafficking in the American Garment-Manufacturing Industry”For Thought, Discussion, and Writing8 Writing in the Disciplines: Making Choices as You Write Thinking Rhetorically about Writing in the DisciplinesWriting in the HumanitiesSample Student Essay in the HumanitiesGuidelines: Questions for Analyzing Writing in the Disciplines Reading: Elizabeth Ridlington, “Lincoln’s Presidency and Public Opinion”Writing in the Natural and Applied SciencesSample Student Essay in the Natural and Applied Sciences Reading: Tara Gupta, “Field Measurements of Photosynthesis and Transpiration Rates in Dwarf Snapdragon (Chaenorrhinum minus Lange): An Investigation of Water Stress Adaptations”Writing in the Social SciencesSample Student Essay in the Social Sciences Reading: Tawnya Redding, “Mood Music: Music Preference and the Risk for Depression and Suicide in AdolescentsWriting in BusinessSample Student Email for Business Writing Reading: Michelle Rosowsky and Carina Abernathy, "Taylor Nursery Bid"
Part III Practical Strategies for Composing Texts 9 Strategies for Invention, Planning, and Drafting Strategies for Invention Freewriting Looping Brainstorming Guidelines: Guidelines for Group Brainstorming Clustering Asking the Journalist’s Questions Asking the Topical Questions Researching Guidelines: Questions for Exploring a Topic Note for Multilingual Writers Writing a Discovery Draft Strategies for Planning Guidelines: Questions for Establishing a Working Thesis Strategies for Drafting Managing the Drafting Process Guidelines: Guidelines for Overcoming Writer’s Block Developing and Organizing Your Ideas Using a Thesis Statement Developing Ideas Following Textual Conventions Writing Effective Paragraphs For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
10 Strategies for Revising, Editing, and Proofreading For Thought, Discussion, and Writing Strategies for Revising Guidelines: Guidelines for Revising Objectively Asking the Big Questions: Revising for Focus, Content, and Organization Guidelines: Questions for Evaluating Focus, Content, and Organization One Student Writer’s Revision for Focus, Content, and Organization Reading: Stevon’s Early Draft Reading: Stevon Roberts, “Identity, Rebooted” Benefiting from Responses to Work in Progress Note for Multilingual Writers Guidelines: Guidelines for Responses from Classmates Guidelines: Guidelines for Meeting with a Writing Tutor Guidelines: Guidelines for Using Your Instructor’s Responses Strategies for Editing Keeping Your Readers on Track: Revising for Style Guidelines: Guidelines for Editing for Coherence Guidelines: Guidelines for Effective Prose Style Proofreading: A Rhetorical Approach to Correctness Guidelines: Guidelines for Proofreading Your Writing Note for Multilingual Writers For Thought, Discussion, and Writing
11 Strategies for Multimodal Composing Understanding Multimodal Composing The Rhetorical Situation and Multimodal Composing Multimedia Composition and the Importance of Design Managing the Demands of Multimodal Composition Guidelines: Guidelines for Multimodal Composing Multimodal Composing: Three Student Examples For Thought, Discussion, and Writing Writers' ReferencesMLA Documentation GuidelinesAPA Documentation Guidelines
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