Lee A. Jacobus
(University of Connecticut)
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PART ONE: READING AND WRITING ABOUT GREAT IDEAS
CHAPTER 1: Examining IdeasStrategies for Critical Reading about Great Ideas Prereading, Titles, and Subheadings Looking at Opening Paragraphs Annotation Questioning Reviewing Discussion Sample Annotated Passage for Review and DiscussionForming Your Own Ideas
CHAPTER 2: Writing about IdeasGenerating Topics for Writing Thinking CriticallyCreating a Thesis Statement Sample Opening Paragraphs Supporting Your Thesis Development by Definition Development by Comparison Development by Example Development by Analysis of Cause and Effect Development by Analysis of Circumstances Development by Testimony Development by Rhetorical Question Questions for Reading and WritingEstablishing Your Argument Classical Argument Toulmin Argument Rogerian ArgumentA Sample Student Essay
PART TWO: THE READINGS
CHAPTER 3: How Democracy Relates to Human Rights Plato (427–347 B.C.E.), Democracy and the Democratic Man James Madison (1751–1836), The Bill of Rights Marquis de Lafayette (1757–1834) and the National Assembly of France (1789), Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen Mary Wollstonecraft (1759–1797), A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Alexis de Tocqueville (1805–1859), The Idea of Rights in the United States Emile Durkheim (1858–1917), The Intellectual Elite and Democracy Robert A. Dahl (1915–2014), Why Democracy? Cornel West (b. 1953), The Deep Democratic Tradition in America Fareed Zakaria (b. 1954), Illiberal Democracy
CHAPTER 4: How Freedom Depends on Justice Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778), Of Slavery and the Social Pact Lucy A. Delaney (c. 1828–1890), from Struggles for Freedom Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882–1945), The Four Freedoms John Rawls (1921–2002), A Theory of Justice James Baldwin (1924–1987), My Dungeon Shook: Letter to My Nephew on the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Emancipation Martin Luther King Jr. (1929–1968), I Have a Dream Amartya Sen (b. 1933), The Idea of Justice bell hooks (b. 1952), Feminist Politics: Where We Stand
CHAPTER 5: How Science Reads the Book of Nature Lucretius (c. 99–c. 55 B.C.E.), The Nature of Sleep Charles Darwin (1809–1882), Of Sexual Selection and Natural Selection Alfred North Whitehead (1861–1947), Religion and Science Oliver Sacks (b. 1933), The Mind’s Eye Steve Jones (b. 1944), The Descent of Men Michio Kaku (b. 1947), Physics of the Impossible Jennifer Ackerman (b. 1959), Molecules and Genes
CHAPTER 6: How Society Regards Wealth and Poverty Adam Smith (1723–1790), The Value of Labor Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919), The Gospel of Wealth Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860–1935), Women and Economics: “Cupid-in-the-Kitchen” John Kenneth Galbraith (1908–2006), Inequality Jane Jacobs (1916–2006), Stagflation Elizabeth Warren (b. 1949), The Vanishing Middle Class Leslie T. Chang (b. 1969), Factory Girls in Dongguan
CHAPTER 7: How Ethics and Morality Interact Aristotle (384–322 B.C.E.), The Aim of Man Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900), Good and Bad John Dewey (1859–1952), Education and Morality Thomas Nagel (b. 1937), The Objective Basis of Morality Michael Gazzaniga (b. 1939), Toward a Universal Ethics Peter Singer (b. 1946) and Jim Mason (b. 1934), Ethics and Animals Francis Fukuyama (b. 1952), Human Specificity and the Rights of Animals Kwame Anthony Appiah (b. 1954), If You’re Happy and You Know It
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