Twelfth Edition   ©2018

Psychology in Modules

David G. Myers (Hope College) , C. Nathan DeWall (University of Kentucky)

  • ISBN-10: 1-319-05061-1; ISBN-13: 978-1-319-05061-0; Format: Cloth Text

Student Preface: Time Management—Or, How to Be a Great Student and Still Have a Life

The Story of Psychology

Module 1, What Is Psychology?

Thinking Critically About: The Scientific Attitude

Critical Thinking

Psychological Science Is Born

Psychological Science Develops

Contemporary Psychology

Improve Your Retention—and Your Grades

Thinking Critically With Psychological Science

Module 2, Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions

The Need for Psychological Science

The Scientific Method

Thinking Critically About: Correlation and Causation

Psychology’s Research Ethics

Module 3, Statistical Reasoning in Everyday Life

Describing Data

Significant Differences

The Biology of Mind

Module 4, Neural and Hormonal Systems

The Brain: A Work in Progress

Neural Communication

The Nervous System

The Endocrine System

Module 5, Tools of Discovery and Older Brain Structures

The Tools of Discovery: Having Our Head Examined

Older Brain Structures

Module 6, The Cerebral Cortex, Plasticity, and Our Divided Brain

The Cerebral Cortex

Thinking Critically About: Using More Than 10 Percent of Our Brain

The Power of Plasticity: Responding to Damage

Our Divided Brain

Consciousness and the Two-Track Mind

Module 7, Basic Consciousness Concepts

Defining Consciousness

Studying Consciousness

Selective Attention

Dual Processing: The Two Track Mind

Module 8, Sleep and Dreams

Biological Rhythms and Sleep

Why Do We Sleep?

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders

Dreams

Module 9, Drugs and Consciousness

Tolerance and Addictive Behaviors

Thinking Critically About: Tolerance and Addiction

Types of Psychoactive Drugs

Influences on Drug Use

Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity

Module 10, Behavior Genetics: Predicting Individual Differences

Genes: Our Codes for Life

Twin and Adoption Studies

Temperament and Heredity

Heritability

Gene-Environment Interaction

Module 11, Evolutionary Psychology: Understanding Human Nature

Natural Selection and Adaptation

Evolutionary Success Helps Explain Similarities

An Evolutionary Explanation of Human Sexuality

Module 12, Culture, Gender, and Other Environmental Influences

How Does Experience Influence Development?

Cultural Influences

Gender Development

Thinking Critically About: Gender Bias in the Workplace

Reflections on Nature, Nurture, and Their Interaction

Developing Through the Life Span

Module 13, Developmental Issues, Prenatal Development, and the Newborn

Developmental Psychology’s Major Issues

Prenatal Development and the Newborn

Module 14, Infancy and Childhood

Physical Development

Cognitive Development

Social Development

Thinking Critically About: Parenting Styles

Module 15, Adolescence

Physical Development

Cognitive Development

Social Development

Emerging Adulthood

Module 16, Adulthood

Physical Development

Cognitive Development

Social Development

Sensation and Perception

Module 17, Basic Concepts of Sensation and Perception

Processing Sensation and Perception

Transduction

Thresholds

Thinking Critically About: Subliminal Sensation and Subliminal Persuasion

Sensory Adaptation

Perceptual Set

Context Effects

Motivation and Emotion

Module 18, Vision: Sensory and Perceptual Processing

Light Energy and Eye Structures

Information Processing in the Eye and Brain

Perceptual Organization

Perceptual Interpretation

Module 19, The Nonvisual Senses

Hearing

The Other Senses

Sensory Interaction

Learning

Module 20, Basic Learning Concepts and Classical Conditioning

How Do We Learn?

Classical Conditioning

Module 21, Operant Conditioning

Skinner’s Experiments

Skinner’s Legacy

Contrasting Classical and Operant Conditioning

Module 22, Biology, Cognition, and Learning

Biological Constraints on Conditioning

Cognition’s Influence on Conditioning

Learning by Observation

Thinking Critically About: The Effects of Viewing Media Violence

Memory

Module 23, Studying and Encoding Memories

Studying Memory

Encoding Memories

Module 24, Storing and Retrieving Memories

Memory Storage

Memory Retrieval

Module 25, Forgetting, Memory Construction, and Improving Memory

Forgetting

Memory Construction Errors

Thinking Critically About: Can Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse Be Repressed and Then Recovered?

Improving Memory

Thinking and Language

Module 26, Thinking

Concepts

Problem Solving: Strategies and Obstacles

Forming Good (and Bad) Decisions and Judgments

Thinking Critically About: The Fear Factor

Thinking Creatively

Do Other Species Share Our Cognitive Skills?

Module 27, Language and Thought

Language Structure

Language Development

The Brain and Language

Do Other Species Have Language?

Thinking and Language

Intelligence

Module 28, What Is Intelligence?

Is Intelligence One General Ability?

Theories of Multiple Intelligences

Emotional Intelligence

Module 29 Assessing Intelligence

Early and Modern Tests of Mental Abilities

Principles of Test Construction

Module 30, The Dynamics of Intelligence

Stability or Change?

Thinking Critically About: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Studies

Extremes of Intelligence

Module 31, Genetic and Environmental Influences on Intelligence

Twin and Adoption Studies

Environmental Influences

Group Differences in Intelligence Test Scores

What Drives Us: Hunger, Sex, Friendship, and Achievement

Module 32, Basic Motivational Concepts

Instincts and Evolutionary Theory

Drives and Incentives

Optimum Arousal

A Hierarchy of Motives

Module 33, Hunger

The Physiology of Hunger

The Psychology of Hunger

Obesity and Weight Control

Thinking Critically About: The Challenges of Weight Control [NEW]

Module 34, Sexual Motivation

The Physiology of Sex

The Psychology of Sex

Sexual Orientation

Social Influences on Human Sexuality

Module 35, Affiliation and Achievement

The Need to Belong

Achievement Motivation

Emotions, Stress, and Health

Module 36, Introduction to Emotion

Emotion: Arousal, Behavior, and Cognition

Embodied Emotion

Thinking Critically About: Lie Detection

Module 37, Expressing Emotion

Detecting Emotion in Others

Gender, Emotion, and Nonverbal Behavior

Culture and Emotional Expression

The Effects of Facial Expressions

Module 38, Experiencing Emotion

Anger

Happiness

Module 39, Stress and Illness

Stress: Some Basic Concepts

Stress and Vulnerability to Disease

Thinking Critically About: Stress and Health

Module 40, Health and Coping

Coping With Stress

Reducing Stress

Social Psychology

Module 41, Social Thinking

The Fundamental Attribution Error

Attitudes and Actions

Module 42, Social Influence

Conformity: Complying With Social Pressures

Obedience: Following Orders

Group Behavior

Thinking Critically About: The Internet as Social Amplifier

Module 43, Antisocial Relations

Prejudice

Aggression

Module 44, Prosocial Relations

Attraction

Altruism

Peacemaking

Personality

Module 45, Introduction to Personality and Psychodynamic Theories

What Is Personality?

Psychodynamic Theories

Module 46, Humanistic Theories and Trait Theories

Humanistic Theories

Trait Theories

Thinking Critically About: The Stigma of Introversion

Module 47, Social-Cognitive Theories and the Self

Social-Cognitive Theories

Exploring the Self

Psychological Disorders

Module 48, Introduction to Psychological Disorders

Defining Psychological Disorders

Understanding Psychological Disorders

Classifying Disorders—and Labeling People

Thinking Critically About: ADHD—Normal High Energy or Disordered Behavior?

Does Disorder Equal Danger?

Rates of Psychological Disorders

Module 49, Anxiety Disorders, OCD, and PTSD

Anxiety Disorders

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Understanding Anxiety Disorders, OCD, and PTSD

Module 50, Depressive Disorders and Bipolar Disorder

Major Depressive Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

Understanding Depressive Disorders and Bipolar Disorder

Module 51, Schizophrenia

Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Onset and Development of Schizophrenia

Understanding Schizophrenia

Module 52, Dissociative, Personality, and Eating Disorders

Dissociative Disorders

Personality Disorders

Eating Disorders

Therapy

Module 53, Introduction to Therapy and the Psychological Therapies

Treating Psychological Disorders

Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Therapies

Humanistic Therapies

Behavior Therapies

Cognitive Therapies

Group and Family Therapies

Module 54 Evaluating Psychotherapies

Is Psychotherapy Effective?

Which Psychotherapies Work Best?

Evaluating Alternative Therapies

How Do Psychotherapies Help People?

Culture and Values in Psychotherapy

Finding a Mental Health Professional

Module 55, Biomedical Therapies and Preventing Psychological Disorders

Thinking Critically About: Therapeutic Lifestyle Change

Drug Therapies

Brain Stimulation

Psychosurgery

Preventing Psychological Disorders and Building Resilience

Appendix A Psychology at Work

Appendix B Career Fields in Psychology, by Jennifer Zwolinski

Appendix C Complete Module Reviews

Appendix D Answers to Master the Material Questions